Organic Farming or Agriculture is define as “a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. It emphasises the use of management practices in preference to the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adapted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible, agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic materials, to fulfil any specific function within the system.” (FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission, 1999).
The public has grown awareness to organic agriculture and purchasing organic products due to the following reasons:
- To protect the environment by soil degradation,
- To maintain biological balance in the soil which results to long-term soil fertility
- To recycle materials and resources
- To maintain the organic integrity and vital qualities of the product at all stages of production
- To do away of non-renewable resources like petroleum products as fertilizers and rely on renewable resources that can be acquired locally
Organic agriculture generally prohibits products of synthetic pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, synthetic hormones and ionizing radiation. These strict standards presents many challenges for some crops are difficult to grow organically. Nevertheless, with the proper information and know-how’s, every commodity can be produced organically.